Varieties of Polished Concrete Floors Used in Buildings


Concrete floors are common in many residential and commercial buildings, for the affordable cost and high durability of this flooring. The dull-looking surface of concrete floor needs to be polished, to render an elegant appearance to this flooring surface. Various polished concrete floors constructed according to the tastes of building owners. These polishes can be customized to give spectacular appearance with the help of different sizes of diamond pieces, which are rubbed with force over the concrete surfaces.


Common Types of Polished Concrete Floors Rendered by Builders:


  • Salt and pepper polish – This polish is most commonly seen on the concrete floors of garages and driveways, as it is the easiest one among all varieties of polished concrete floors. They do not hamper the elegance of its shiny surface despite stains, for which it is more popular. However, tiny holes or minutest cracks are easily detectable on this polished floor surface. It needs the cut depth of only 1/16 inch of the concrete surface and satisfactory exposure of grains and textures visible after this polish of the concrete flooring.


  • Cream polish – This polish type is popular for its great stability and smooth finish. It is applicable on all coloured concrete floors, apart from the usual gray concrete surfaces. However, a light shaded polish increases the beauty of polished concrete floors. Many stains and even dyes are acceptable on this polished floor, without marring its natural grandeur. This kind of polish involves very little cut depth of the surface and thus, hardly exposes the grains or textures on the concrete flooring surface. The cheapest cost of this polish has made it suitable for all building owners.


  • Medium aggregate polish – It is an expensive variety of concrete polish, not opted by many common house owners. A thin concrete layer is ground to get the required exposure on the polished floor surface. It needs the cut depth of 1/8 inch of the concrete slabs and medium level of exposure of the grains, texture, or patterns are visible on the concrete surface after this polish. The polished concrete floors achieve a superb look if the right techniques are used by professionals skilled in medium aggregate polish. This polish should be done after 7 days of constructing a concrete floor, to expose the required amount of aggregate on the surface.


  • Large aggregate polish – This kind of aggregate polish requires the cut depth of 1 /4 inch from the concrete surface, leaving a sizeable amount of aggregate exposure on the flooring surface while a few areas may show very little exposure. The polishing procedure needs to be completed within 3 days of constructing the concrete flooring, by grinding only a thin layer of concrete from the surface. This polishing procedure can be done immediately after they pour the concrete mix  over the sub-flooring. The addition of stains boosts the appeal of the polished concrete floors through this procedure, as all the patterns are visible on the flooring surface.


So it is best to hire a reputed flooring contractor for constructing the uniformly polished concrete floors at domestic or industrial houses. People can contact them online for the construction of different types of concrete floors, as per their expertise mentioned on their websites. The selection of the type of polishing depends on the budget and choice of house owners. The evenness of the floor level also influences the amount of aggregate to be exposed on the concrete flooring surface. The aggregate exposure may vary to a large extent on an uneven concrete floor of a building.


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